Close

EN

In 2014, more people relocated to Germany than any other country in the world. Since 2006, the amount of people moving to Germany has increased every year, from 558,467 in 2006 to more than 1.3 million in 2014. Around one in five people living in Germany now have a foreign-born parent or international background. During the same period, Germany's unemployment rate has dropped from 10% to just 4.2%. Furthermore, the German economy was the second-fastest growing economy of the G7 countries in 2016.

At Movinga, our job is to help people move smoothly from one location to another. It is in our best interest to understand the benefits that these people can bring to cities, countries and their economies in general. This report shows the possible impact migrants have and aims to debunk myths that recently might have been fueled within certain societies. 


"When you compare economic growth and unemployment in France and Germany, there are reasons to believe that foreign labour can boost the economy rather than harm it", said Movinga's MD Finn Hänsel. "As a company which employs local and foreign labour forces in both countries, we can only see the benefits of foreign labour for growth."

FOREIGN HUMAN CAPITAL IN GERMANY

Considering the Benefits of Workers from Other Countries

The graphic above shows the differing levels of diversity in Germany's 16 federal states, with darker shading indicating a higher percentage of foreign-born citizens. Berlin is the state that has the highest percentage of residents who are foreign-born.

546
4,271
2,940
241
4,467
1,263
190
876
360
1,021
56
262
253
130
103

45

Immigration rate (%)

Unemployment

rate (%)

KEY ECONOMIC INDICATORS BY STATE

The graphic above shows the numbers of firms receiving venture capital in each state, with darker shading indicating a higher number of companies raising capital. Berlin is also the state with the highest number of firms receiving venture capital.

12.77 %
9.04 %
8.50 %
11.73 %
10.15 %
10.94 %
2.52 %
7.14 %
2.83 %
5.97 %
11.76 %
2.42 %
4.75 %
6.58 %
2.51 %
2.56 %

Foreign-born

population (%)

202
81
44
38
26
20
13
9

9

6

6

2

2

1

1

1

FOREIGNERS INFLOW AND BUSINESS ATTRACTIVENESS

9.7 %
3.5 %
7.8 %
7.1 %
3.9 %
5.3 %
7.7 %
5.2 %
7.1 %
6.0 %
10.5 %
6.7 %
6.2 %
7.3 %
9.2 %
9.0 %

Companies receiving venture capital

Number of patent

applications

Berlin
Bavaria
North Rhine-Westphalia
Hamburg
Baden-Württemberg

Hesse

Brandenburg

Rhineland-Palatinate

Saxony

Lower Saxony
Bremen
Thuringia
Schleswig-Holstein
Saarland
Saxony-Anhalt
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern

The table above shows that the federal states with the most patent applications, like Baden-Württemberg and Bayern, also have significant foreign-born populations. In comparison, the state with the fewest patent applications has very few residents who were born in other countries.

Number of companies raising venture capital

The graphic above shows the percentage of foreign-born workforce in eight key German industries. The percentage of the German population that is foreign-born is 9.6%, but the percentage of the workforce in key industries often exceeds this.

BREAKDOWN OF INDUSTRIES BY FOREIGN WORKERS

The diagram above shows that Germany is experiencing GDP growth at a time when the number of people relocating to the country is rising.


You can download the full data here.

*Foreign inflow 2015-2016: Forecasted values following the previous 5 years of foreign influx.

GDP GROWTH VS FOREIGNERS INFLOW*

*Foreign inflow 2015-2016: Forecasted values following the previous 5 years of foreign influx.

UNEMPLOYMENT RATE VS FOREIGNERS INFLOW*

The diagram above shows that unemployment at a national level continues to fall whilst the number of people relocating to Germany continues to rise.